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Ethics in Criminal Justice Administration Analysis
The administration of criminal justice presupposes addressing not only many practical issues but also taking into account various ethical aspects. In fact, ethics serves as a general guideline for professionals actions as well as enables resolving the most complicated problems. The present paper analyzes the most complicated problems related to implementing ethical principles in criminal justice administration. The detailed seminar in ethics may contribute to the sustainable improvements in professionals ability to demonstrate proper responses in various practical situations.
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Professional behavior in the administration of criminal justice includes preventing and addressing various types of criminal activities. It also requires utilizing the available human and material resources in the most effective way. However, the existing diversity of human behavior often creates such situations and challenges that do not fall into any of the direct and explicit regulations. Therefore, criminal justice professionals should use the basic ethical principles for selecting the rational modes of behavior that will promote the social interests to the maximum possible degree. It is applicable to different spheres of the criminal justice system including law enforcement, parole, probation, corrections, courts, etc.
Professionals should be able to identify the major sources of potential risks and assess various alternatives for preventing them. While assessing the existing options, it is necessary to evaluate the interests of all parties involved as well as provide the cost-and-benefits analysis. At the same time, criminal justice professionals should not utilize a purely utilitarian approach. They should pay the closest attention to the interests and rights of all individuals. It is impermissible to violate any persons liberties even if it may lead to some positive social results.
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Therefore, critical thinking is also crucial for establishing the close and effective relationships between ethics and professional behavior. Criminal justice professionals should comprehend that merely the positive intentions are insufficient for reaching the desired results. Thus, it is necessary to assess the potential risks and benefits from several perspectives. On the one hand, the expected social benefits should be specified. It is necessary to determine the possible impact on the entire system of social relationships. On the other hand, it is reasonable to comprehend the structure of the existing risks and ensure the respect to the rights and liberties of all individuals. As the existing environment is always uncertain, criminal justice experts should demonstrate the highest degree of awareness regarding the explicit and implicit risks present in any particular case.
As the relationships between ethics and professional behavior are highly significant, it is necessary to initiate the comprehensive seminar in ethics for increasing law enforcement officers qualification. The first important element is the ethical performance standards that should be demonstrated by all professionals. In particular, law enforcement officers should not make discriminatory actions in relation to any person regardless of his/her social or economic status, sex, religion, political beliefs, etc. It is always necessary to assess peoples actions objectively according to the existing legal regulations. Although various prevention measures may be necessary, they should not include the violation of individuals rights and liberties. All law enforcement officers should not only possess the basic understanding of the essence of ethical conduct but also be able to implement it in their operations on a regular basis. The seminar can address the key theoretical and practical aspects to ensure the consolidation ofthe law enforcement officers position.
The second important element refers to ethical leadership in law enforcement. Although not all officers can occupy the highest positions, all of them should realize the essence of ethical leadership and be able to compare the actual actions of different people in accordance with the objective criteria. The ethical leader should mostly focus on the needs of his/her followers and third parties. He/she should not impose his/her will on other people but try to develop such strategies that will ensure the proper comprehension of the key law enforcement objectives and ethical principles among his/her followers. Moreover, the leader should serve as a role model for other employees both in relation to high professionalism and the ability to integrate ethics into the ultimate professional decisions.
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The third relevant element is the proper coordination among various law enforcement officers. Even if all officers adhere to the basic ethical principles, it is still possible that some ethical challenges may emerge during their group work. Therefore, they should be able to distribute their functions in a rational manner to achieve the effective coordination. Moreover, law enforcement officers should also pay the closest attention to the ethical performance of their colleagues. In this way, it is possible to establish an additional close internal control over their operations. Moreover, different officers can make their suggestions and proposals regarding the ethical improvements of group work.
The fourth crucial element is the ethical principles that should be present during the communication and interactions with the general public. All officers should comprehend that their behavior affects the social perception of criminal justice professionals. Therefore, they should always respect the interests of third parties and try to explain their position in detail. Only in this way, their professionalism may transform in the social support. Moreover, it may be especially relevant while dealing with various cases when the high community involvement may allow identifying the key threats at earlier stages.
The fifth element is the effective dispute resolution according to the close investigation of ethical principles and the actions made by all individuals involved. Such disputes can emerge even in the law enforcement departments, and all officers should resolve them in a way consistent with the general ethical framework. The corresponding sanctions should be proportional to the degree of deviations from the expected ethical system. It may contribute to minimizing the scope of potential conflicts and misunderstandings among officers in the long run
It is reasonable to select the above areas for the seminar in order to address the most significant theoretical and practical aspects of ethical behavior in criminal justice. Law enforcement officers should be able to distinguish between personal and group responsibilities as well as utilize the major ethical principles for addressing the complicated issues and conflicts. The expected benefits for the officers include the ability to balance the interests of all parties and perform their functions in the most effective way . The expected benefits for the community include the coherent ethical behavior and higher safety standards.
To summarize, the proper administration of criminal justice should include a substantial fraction of ethical elements. It is especially important nowadays when ethics influences the behavior and responses of law enforcement officers. At the same time, they should possess critical thinking skills to evaluate different alternatives as well as determine their strengths and weaknesses. In this way, the rational choices can be made. The proposed seminar addresses the most urgent aspects of ethics in criminal justice administration as well as establishes the solid foundation for reaching the balance between theoretical and practical issues. As a result, the performance of law enforcement officers tends to become more effective and orients to the needs of the entire community.