Art History


Maybe similar to poetry, art is a special form of expression that is not limited by topic or time. The message communicated by art is subject to audience interpretation and thus any artistic piece accommodates a wide range of meanings. Art can record and communicate wars and clashes with different themes. Medieval art is exemplified by Byzantine, Romanesque and Gothic periods. Numerous specialists were occupied with Christian iconography before the Byzantine period. Christian iconography was communicated in new courses in each of Byzantine, Romanesque, and Gothic styles. Byzantine craftsmanship is engrossed with Christian religious perspectives that are routinely conveyed in places of worship. The perspectives were vigorously directed by the congregation’s organized custom that was centered on underscoring Christian religious philosophy.

Unlike Byzantine craftsmanship, Romanesque art was produced in the Western piece of the Roman Empire. The Catholic Church intensely impacted the style. The Romanesque craftsmanship is a combination of various styles, for example, Roman, Byzantine, and Germanic styles. The legacy of the gothic art style was in the insurgency of auxiliary plans, which offered ascent to ribbed vaults, zeniths, and taller structures. Aesthetic reliefs from this period imprint expanding attention to naturalism and authenticity rather than the unbending, extraordinary compositions of prior periods. Art is a naked mind subject to audience interpretation. The paper explores some works by great artists and their relationship to the theme of peace and security.

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Art 1: Hohlenstein-Stadel

The art is one of the oldest statutes and is remarkably carved by a Paleolithic man from a mammoth tusk. It represents a statute of half man half lion, an indication that the early man blended a form comprising of two natural beings. It possesses surprising powers of original thought and amazing creativity. The art is relevant to the theme of peace and security as it portrays early mankind possessed many powers and had the ability to protect his kind and ensure that peace prevailed. It also shows that man can portray his mastery as well as that of the lion, which is associated with calmness inside of man and bravery on the part of the lion.

Art 2: Bull-headed Lyre

The bull-headed lyre represents one of the earliest musical instruments from the land of Ur in ancient Mesopotamia. Its portrayal of a heroic figure in the form of human-headed bull and animals depicted by animals below it shows the act of bravery and calmness alike. Music has for a long time been associated with peaceful events or to bring peace to places where it lacks. Bulls are known to be aggressive and vigorous when attacked. The presence of beards is an association to man, implying that mankind can also act with such vigor and aggressiveness. Surprisingly, peace has been depicted as being delivered on such an aggressive being in the form of music. This element of music, therefore, in combination with its place of recovery (the tomb) clearly shows that the early man was peaceful and had some good association with the dead.

Art 3: Khafre Enthroned

The enthroned pharaoh radiates serenity. The craftsman finished this via cutting the statue in smallness and robustness, with few anticipating parts and no negative space. Khafre is associated with the throne, and his legs are still appended to his seat. His arms are held near to the middle thighs, and his legs are kept near one another to indicate a sense of calmness brought about by his peaceful subordinates.

The art of this model fulfilled the motivation behind this masterpiece: to catch the everlasting existence of Khafre, a very revered god Lord. The presence of the diorite stone utilized, with its arbitrary dash of white/yellow, give the figure a fascinating and “endless” look. These looks and the reference to as a god show superiority and how the ancient Egyptians believed in him as their protector.

Art 4: Lyre Player, from Keros

The larger part of Cycladic models speak to standing or leaning back female figures. Less than twelve of these male harpists are known, and this sample is by a long shot the biggest. This harp player, situated on a four legged stool, is additionally uncommon in that, dissimilar to the others. He doesn’t play his harp; he simply holds it, laying its soundbox on his thigh. The harp itself is a sign of calmness that ultimately implies peacefulness and stillness in the ancient community. The relaxation is quite stunning, and an implication of peacefulness among the people.

Art 5: Hero and Centaur (Herakles and Nessos)

The exquisite straightforwardness and economy of Geometric craftsmanship is apparent in this little bronze statue that speaks to a man defying a centaur. The old craftsman who made this work portrayed the pair of figures as fundamental geometric structures. To be sure, the man is minimal more than a somewhat adorned vertical line while the centaur is a cadenced game plan of flat and vertical shapes. This play of level and vertical components gives the figure a congruous and satisfying appearance. The presence of a hero (Heracles) is a sign that the people had warriors who could safeguard them and their land.

The visual advance of this statute is very clear; however, the significance of this piece is to some degree more subtle. It is clear that the man is connecting with the centaur (fanciful half-man half-horse cross breeds in Greek mythology). There is some verbal confrontation about whether this is a tranquil or forceful circumstance. A few researchers have recommended that the pair of figures is grasping one another in an inviting and peaceful manner. It is along these lines conceivable that they are intended to speak to the legendary team of warriors Achilles (the man) and Chiron (the centaur).

Art 6: Apullu of Veii

The statute of Apullu of Veii represents a great Greek myth. The Etruscan art is in the form of a masculine man standing on the roof of Portonaccio temple. The man in the statute is displays energy and excitement that characterize how the period was. It depicts happiness that comes as a fruit of peace while the strength reveals the aspect of security during those periods. The paint is also bright and with a warm posture that reveals the strength in the form of muscles.

Art 7: Christian Community

The biblical figures show ancient religious aspects whereby one is of Samuel anointing David to be king while the other showing the view of a Christian community house. The house has a meeting section that is quite large. This size indicates that there was harmony among the people during early ages as it implies a large number of people were expected to attend the meeting and probably on frequent occasions. In the past, meetings and gatherings were signs of unity and consequently a secure community. The drawings reveal a time when Christian’s unity grew, and they were able to attain their independence as a religion unlike when they were all forced to abide by ancient Roman cults. They had overcome the past mistreatment by the romans and followers of roman cults.

Art 8: Vladimir Virgin

The art is of a virgin holding a son, and it depicts Mary as the Compassionate Virgin holding tight to baby Jesus. The painting had been circulating among many nations with the most conspicuous occasion being in Russia in 1055. It was taken to Russia since the people believed it as a source of security wellbeing and them from Mongols and thus it is portrayed as a sign of great peace and protection.

Art 9: Oseberg Ship Burial

The animal-head post is from Oseberg, the Viking ship, and it is carved in masterly to indicate that those buried in it were of great importance in the society. Vikings had closeness among themselves, and the dead were given a proper sendoff while being buried. The animal-head post is also an indication of bravery among the people especially to the fighters who were expected to win wars on the ship and defend the people. Brave communities were often feared by their neighbors since they could easily win whenever a war erupted due to their inner drive. Burial of the ship could also mean that it was the end of war, and thus marking beginning of a peaceful era.

Art 10: Christ in Majesty

The figure shows Bernardus Gerduinus or Christ the Majesty that was found in France in the early eleventh century. He is resting with the right hand raised as a form of blessings whiles the left resting on a book with the words “Peace unto you”. The early people appear to have had strong beliefs in religion and put more emphasis on the peace that was bestowed upon them. The posture also is of a king, indicating that they believed in protection from the Majesty.

In conclusion, through the work of art, individuals supporting different bits of imaginative expression have the capacity to draw out their thought in the unhindered structure possible. The message is liable to elucidation from the group of onlookers along these lines empowering the masterful piece to oblige any reasonable significance appointed. Art in this appreciation turns into an apparatus and method for correspondence and documentation to the individuals. Mankind keeps on persevering through the gigantic enduring delivered on it by wars and clashes. Keeping in mind the end goal to have manageable peace, it is imperative that the needs and concerns of all are taken from the point of view. Art, however, reports and speaks conflicts or clashes with shifting subjects. The Battle of Rome, Capitoline Wolf, and Myron among different reliefs are masterful works that consolidate century-long stories for us to gain from for a superior, secure and serene world.