China’s One Child Policy should Become International Law
To Limit Population Growth, China’s One Child Policy Should Become International Law
In the contemporary world, population of people is increasing at an alarming rate. According to researchers, it is estimated that by the next century, the world population will hit 10 billion people. Although religious people may perceive this as a major success due to the existing biblical notion that human beings should multiply and fill the earth, the rampant increase in population has created a worrying trend to the policy makers and governments. This is as a result of scarce resources available to sustain the lives of all human beings. As a result, various nations have initiated family planning measures aimed at controlling the birth rates to curb over population, which may be a challenge towards economic stability of a nation. Over population is perceived as a major deterrent to economic progress because it may limit the governments’ capability to provide basic services as well as employment to its entire population. Therefore, more resources will be channeled toward service delivery at the expense of development of a country. Therefore, it is prudent to curb population growth in order to realize better economic condition and development. This paper will discuss the possibilities of implementing China’s ‘One Child Policy’ in order to control excessive population growth.
In the year 1979, the Chinese government introduced a policy that was known as ‘One child policy’. This policy implied that every family was expected to have only one child, but there were some exemptions. This policy was introduced when the government realized that there was a worrying trend in population growth for two decades. According to the government, if Chinese population continued to increase at such a rampant rate, the society would be burdened and the economy would deteriorate.
The One Child Policy was very successful in China, and it helped the population growth to reduce by appropriately 250 to 300 million persons according to the Chinese government. However, implementation of that policy had its own drawbacks as cases of forced abortion and sterilization became rampant. In addition, there was partiality for male children and sex-selective abortions that changed the male-female ratio of birth. That resulted to a population dominated by more men compared to number of women. Eventually, this situation triggered social problems such kidnapping and trafficking women for the purpose of marriage, as well as mental health issues that became rampant in China.
Currently, overpopulation has caused numerous challenges in numerous nations not only on the use of basic resources, but to the environment among other factors. To start with, it is worth noting that excessive population has contributed to shortage of food. According to researchers, about 1 out of 7 person’s sleep without eating anything and over 20,000 people die every day due to diseases related to hunger and malnutrition. This scenario has been experienced in the contemporary world because production and distribution of food across the world cannot sustain the rapidly growing population. In this regard, proper measure must be implemented in order to curb population increase beyond sustainable level. Therefore, China’s One Child policy can play an essential role to that effect.
Also, overpopulation has contributed to water shortage. Currently, approximately 1 billion persons do not have access to enough water for agriculture, consumption and sanitation. This is because due to increased population, Aquifers are constantly depleted rapidly than they can be refilled. In addition, overpopulation has led to interference of melting glaciers, and this is a major risk that limits billions of persons from accessing water. Therefore, the policy can play a major role in promoting better lives to people since reduction of population will increase the access to clean water.
Overpopulation also has a negative impact on the air quality. As a result of excessive increase in population, many regions are experiencing increased cases of child asthma in the last two decades. Although there is a misconception that such cases are rampant in industrialized nations, developing countries are also experiencing similar cases because people depend on dung and burning wood for cooking and heating. Therefore, over population have adverse effects in many regions as a result of air pollution.
Rapidly increasing population is one of the major causes of poverty in many countries especially in developing nations. This is because overpopulation limits the possibility of people being employed because the public and private sector only employ a portion of the population which it can manage. Therefore, many people are left without jobs, making it hard for them to get their daily bread, buy clothes or afford housing. This makes them poverty stricken and unable to do anything productive other than depend on the government for the provision of basic needs. In turn, this limits a government to focus on development and projects that can generate income for the country. In this regard, the cycle of poverty repeat its self since the production is less than consumption, thus whatever is produced is consumed.
In the contemporary society, rapidly increasing population has led to overcrowding. Many cities across the globe are experiencing overcrowding situations, and this contributes behavioral and physical problems. A research by U.C. Irvine established that people in less densely areas are very friendly compared to those in highly populated areas. In addition, overcrowded areas are prone to social problems such criminal activities, prostitution among other issues. Therefore, such places are not secure to live especially by women and children.
Another negative impact of rapidly increasing population is the issue of conflicts and wars. In the contemporary world, conflicts and wars have become the order on the day. Mostly, such problems are caused by scramble for available resources that are usually scarce to sustain very high population globally. In numerous countries especially developing nations, conflicts and fight over resources like land and natural resources have become very rampant. This is because people from different tribes feel shortchanged or duped in the allocation of resources and wars erupt in order to fight for equality in the allocation and distribution of resources. For instance, there has been a conflict over resources like Jordan River that is shared by regions like Jordan, Syria, Israel and West Bank.
In addition, conflicts and wars in the current world have been triggered by increased level of unemployment as a result of overpopulation. This is because there are no sufficient job opportunities for all people in the society due to overpopulation. Therefore, the unemployed people turn to be extremists and start terrorizing governments and innocent people in order to get a share of available resources.
In order to curb these problems, I believe China’s ‘One Child policy’ can have a great impact. This is because most of these problems can be prevented if the size of the population is sustainable using the available resources. This is vital because the more the population increase, the more problems the world will experience ranging from increased poverty, radicalization and terrorism. This is because a section of people especially the youth will always feel abandoned by their governments and they will do whatever it takes to get a share of resources. In addition, if population increases to levels that cannot be sustained by scarce resources available, governments across the globe will not be able to ensure equity in allocation and distribution of resources to all sections of their countries and this will contribute to conflicts and wars as people fight for equality in distribution of resources.
However, according to a renowned philosopher, Karl Marx, there is a perception that overpopulation hinders the growth of economy and that less developed countries should put measure to limit population increase. In addition, Marx argue that there is a misconception that in developed countries can reduce pressing issues like crime, urban blight, environmental deterioration and pollution by limiting population increase.
According to him, the increase in population must be interpreted in the perspective of capitalistic economic system. In his argument, a capitalist usually grants to labor a small portion of productivity as a wage and he takes the largest share. In addition, the capitalist brings in more machinery and he increases the productivity of labor which he pockets. Therefore, there is a surplus that is usually the difference between the wage rate and productivity of labor. Therefore, Marx argues that the value of productivity is greater than the value paid to the worker.
Moreover, he believes that when capitalists increase the machinery, the level of unemployment increases. This implies that the wage rate decreases, thus poor people cannot be able to rear their children well and large portion of the population literally become surplus. Therefore, Karl Marx believes that hunger, poverty and other social ills are contributed by socially unfair actions related with capitalism. Marx concluded that, population growth is not related to moral inferiority or ignorance among poor people, but it is an impact of the capitalist economic system.