Different Interview in Different Way
Interviewing is an important approach that organizations apply in the recruitment of workers into the working environment of the firm. Interviews have been applied in different approaches whereby the main concept under consideration in the interview is the characteristic and quality of workers needed in the firm. On the other hand, other types of interviews have been developed to illustrate the diversity of interviewing.The differences in the interviews are brought about by the concepts that are applied in the process of the interview methods. The concepts contribute to the interview’s strengths, weaknesses, distinction and interview perspective applied in each of the approach. In the book ‘Interviewing Principles and Practices’ by Charles J. Stewart and William B. Cash, different interviewing approaches are applied that creates a better background to view the differences, strengths and weaknesses of each of the approach. The book has applied wide descriptions giving the practices involved in each of the approaches. The essay aims at comparing the concepts in the book ‘Interviewing Principles and Practices’ through the illustrative description of the differences, common aspects, strengths and weaknesses of each of the interviewing approach.
The book is a course book that is widely used in learning purposes. It provides guidelines on how to conduct different forms of interviews. The book also widely reflects on the growing sophistication with which interviewing is being approached. The growing sophistication in the book has been applied by incorporating the ever expanding aspect of interviewing by enhancing research in the types of interviews settings, communication theories during interviewing and the importance of equal opportunity laws on interviewing practices. This means that the book has cultivated deep into the interviewing approaches that are possibly available in the organizations’ workspace. Basics of interviewing in the book have also been reflected by the description offered in complex interpersonal communication process, the structure of interviews and the types of questions involved in the interviewing process. Therefore, the books main theme is the different interviewing approaches presentation through the structural description of each.
The most common type of interview presented in the book ‘Interviewing Principles and Practices’ is the probing interview. Probing interview in the book has been defined has the day to day occurrence interviewing type that is applied by people in their daily engagements. Probing interview is used by personalities such as police officers, journalists, health care professionals, students, teachers and parents among many other personalities. This means that probing interview is roughly caused by the occurrences that occur day in day out as people perform their tasks. The interview type helps in simplifying andmaking the jobs of the personalities much integrative through the familiarization role of the probing interview method. Thedifference of the probing interview type from the other interviewing types is that the length and formality of the interview type vary from one area of application of the interview type to the other. However, the varying extent of the interview type holds the same purpose and method throughout the interviewing process. The varying of the length and formality of probing interviewing acts as a common strength of this interview type because it modifies the interview type to suit the environment involved in the interview type. In addition, the length and formality varying aspect in the interviewing type helps in the acquiring of the needed information within the shortest time possible. Therefore, probing interview is among the fastest interviewing types that are available in the interviewing arena. The main weakness involved in this interview type is that the interview should be highly flexible. The flexibility of the interviewer determines the success of the interviewing process whereby the interviewer must adjust favorably with the interviewee situation and response. This means that the interviewee faces no consequences when he or she is too rude to the interviewer which makes the interviewer to adjust favorably according to the interviewee so that he or she can acquire the required information.Probing interviewing is also flexible which makes it to be strength for the interviewing type. The flexibility of this interviewing type is experienced in that the interviewing process can be performed on both active and passive interviewees. This creates a large field whereby the interviewers can acquire information. In addition, this causes the diversification of the probing interview where it applies knowledge from all perspectives. Therefore, the book ‘Interviewing Principles and Practices’ gives a deep description of the probing interview that focuses on the practices and principles of the type of interview. This in return helps in the derivation of the type of interview’s strengths, weaknesses and distinction.
The book also focuses on the persuasive interviewing. Persuasive interviewing is an interview type that aims at acquiring specific data from a complicated data field through the application of involving tactics.Persuasive interviewing is a common interviewing approach that has been widely used by researchers who target to acquire information that is clear and highly supported. This means that persuasive interviewing helps in the acquiring of accurate information that is free from any individual’s opinion or prejudice. This is strength for the persuasive interviewing because the accurate information acquired helps the interviewing process to be regarded as a valid and formal method of interviewing. The book ‘Interviewing Principles and Practices’ analyses the interviewee in this case who is referred to as the persuade.The analysis in the book shows that the interviewee is very important in the interviewing process. This defines this type of interview as interviewee dependent form of interview that makes the interviewing process weak. The process of interviewing is therefore, presented as the restricted to each interviewee and the interviewer must adapt respectively according to each interviewee. The description of the persuasive interviewing in the book has presented the type of interview as a strong interview method whereas it is affected by a single weakness of interviewee dependency. Therefore, persuasive interviewing can be termed as a reliable interviewing process that helps in acquiring of accurate information.
Survey interview is another interviewing type that has been presented by Stewart and Cash. Survey interview is a process of acquiring information through the organized planning and executions implementation. The interview involves two main parts; the planning part and the execution part. The planning part of survey interviewing forms the most important section in the interviewing process as it creates a better platform for the acquiring of data. Survey interview is much reliant on the interviewer which makes it to be a reliable type of interview. Survey interviewing grants the survey creator the ability to structure the interview and develop questions using the necessary strategies, sequences, coding, scales and recording methods. The method of interviewing also has a better chance of selecting interviewees which acts as strength of the interviewing type. The interviewee selection involves the delineation of the selected population and choosing of the population that has to act as a sample of the overall population. The surveyor also has a role to choose the sampling methods to be applied in each of the steps involved in the interviewing process. However, each of the sampling methods chosen in the survey interview has advantages and disadvantages which create a major weakness in the interviewing process. The advantages and disadvantages create no single correct way to handle all the survey situations in the interviewing process.
Recruiting interview is another common type of interviewing thatStewart and Cash have widely described.Recruiting interview is an appropriate means of selecting employees. The interviewing process of the recruiting interviewing requires hefty preparation towards the realization of the targeted goal in the interview process. For instance, an interviewee in the recruiting interview type has to make him or herself conversant with the states and necessary laws and develop a profile. On the other hand, the interviewer has to be conversant with the general information of applicants and develop a structured interview process.The steps involved in the interviewing process depict that the interviewing process is important and requires much seriousness. After the preparation stage in the recruiting interview type, a thorough interview follows. The interview process is mainly professional and it involves effective opening, skillful questioning, probing into answers, keen information giving, detailed answers to questions and an effective closing to the interview. The processes in the interviewing process act as strength of the interview type as it gives the required tension to the interviewee. In addition, the communication aspect of the interviewee is assessed which involves the verbal and the non-verbal communication. This therefore, helps in the definition of the applicant’s qualities.
The efficiency of the recruiting interviewing process is enhanced in that the evaluation of an interviewee is done after the interview has been conducted whereby the applicant’s suitability and fitness is thoroughly assessed. Recruiting interview faces one major weakness in that the interviewee may have thoroughly rehearsed for the interview which will depict a false character of the interviewee. This can cause an organization to hire an inappropriate worker creating consequences later in the organization. However, the interviewing process in the recruiting interview forms a better basis to determine the reliability of a worker. This means that recruiting interview is a better approach for the employment interview process.
In conclusion, the interview types that are presented by Stewart and Cash in the book ‘Interviewing Principles and Practices’ have been described in an illustrative approach. The principles and practices involved in each of the interview type have greatly helped to present the difference of one type of interview to another and the strengths and weaknesses of each of the interview types. Therefore, each of the interview types in the book has strength and weaknesses that create a much broad understanding of the interviewing types.